Witness | US v Pfc. Manning, Special Agent Toni Graham, Army CID


United States v. Pfc.Manning was conducted in de facto secrecy. The public was not granted contemporaneous access to court filings or rulings during her trial. In addition to reporting on her trial, I transcribed the proceedings, reconstructed the censored appellate list, and un-redacted any publicly available documentation, in order to foster public comprehension of her unprecedented trial.

As a result of a lawsuit against the military judge and the Military District of Washington brought by the Center for Constitutional Rights, as well as my own FOIA requests and research, an official court record for US v. Pfc. Manning was released seven months after her trial. That record is not complete.

The official trial docket is published HERE and the entire collection of documents is text searchable at usvmanning.org.

*During the pretrial proceedings, court-martial and sentencing of Pfc. Manning, Chelsea requested to be identified as Bradley and addressed using the male pronoun. In a letter embargoed for August 22, 2013 Chelsea proclaimed that she is female and wished to be addressed from that moment forward as Chelsea E. Manning.

Special Agent Toni Graham, Army CID witness at Pfc. Manning's Article 32 Pretrial Hearing , Day Two, 12/17/11.

General Description:

Witness No. 1 on the December 2, 2011 Defense Request for Article 32 Witnesses

1.) XXXXXXXXXX [Toni Graham, Army CID, 102 Military Police detachment] is one of the law enforcement agents that conducted work on this case. XXXXXXXXXX [Toni Graham, Army CID, 102 Military Police detatchment] was the primary agent involved in the initial investigation of the case beginning on 25 May 2010. XXXXXXXXXX [Toni Graham, Army CID, 102 Military Police detatchment] will testify about the investigative steps taken from the time of the initial involvement until the matter was transferred to the Computer Crime Investigation Unit (CCIU) on 23 June 2010.

First lead agent in the investigation. (Source Rainey Reitman, Chelsea Manning Support Network)

Graham was part of the 102nd military police detachment. (Source Rainey Reitman, Chelsea Manning Support Network)

AIR, Toni Graham, Army CID, produced, Ref Number 00000184-190. (Source Rainey Reitman, Chelsea Manning Support Network)

Primary duties were to protect, collect, and preserve digital device evidence. (Source Rainey Reitman, Chelsea Manning Support Network)

On 27 May 2010 when she received instructions from her headquarters based on information from a confidential informant. (Source Rainey Reitman, Chelsea Manning Support Network)

Signs affidavit May 29, 2010 on which Bradley Manning's Pretrial confinement is based. (Source Rainey Reitman, Chelsea Manning Support Network)

Toni Graham "explained that in the course of her evidence collection she had conducted 5 interviews and canvassed other people who knew Manning. All interviews were conducted face to face." One of them was Captain Casey Martin (now Fulton). (Source Rainey Reitman, Chelsea Manning Support Network)

Graham discussed the confidential informant [Adrian Lamo] who provided them with information noting that he was in direct contact with the FBI. (Source: Rainey Reitman, Chelsea Manning Support Network)

Others Named in Special Agent Toni Graham, CID's testimony:

  • Unnamed military magistrate that authorized search warrant.
  • Unnamed individuals on Toni Graham, Army CID, investigation team.
  • Thomas Smith, a counter intelligence agent, who worked on Toni Graham, Army CID investigation team.
  • Captain Peter Bigelow, whose computer Bradley Manning allegedly used while working under him in the supply room. See Article 32 Pretrial, 12/20/11.
  • Unnamed commanders at Ft. Belvoir, who had "received intelligence from a unnamed confidential informant".
  • Unnamed informant who gave "intelligence" to unnamed commanders at Ft. Belvoir.
  • Captain Martin (now Captain Casey Fulton), who was Interviewed by Special Agent Toni Graham, CID, about the Baghdad airstrike video. See Article 32 Pretrial, 12/18/11.
  • Five unnamed individuals that Special Agent Toni Graham, CID interviewed (one of them was Captain Martin, now Captain Casey Fulton ).

Other Resources:

  • Transcript of Article 32 Pretrial Hearing, 12/17/11. (Source: Alexa O'Brien)
  • In Depth Notes (Source: Rainey Reitman, Chelsea Manning Support Network)
  • Live Blog (Source: Kevin Gosztola, Fire Dog Lake)
Alexa O'Brien Alexa O'Brien conducts research and analysis about national security and law enforcement. Her work has been published in The New York Times, VICE News, The Cairo Review of Global Affairs, Guardian (UK), The Daily Beast, NY Daily News, and featured on the BBC, PBS, NPR, Democracy Now!, and Public Radio International. She was shortlisted for the 2013 Martha Gellhorn Prize for Journalism in the United Kingdom and listed in The Verge 50. In 2016, she worked at The Constitution Project in Washington, D.C. as a staff researcher and writer on an independent commission studying Oklahoma's death penalty. She also provided research support to scholars of the first cost study conducted on that state's capital punishment system. She obtained her Bachelor of Arts at Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio, majoring in Political Science. She is currently pursuing a Master's in Applied Intelligence at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. She resides in New York City.